Small red-brown, oval-shaped, flattened insects that are about 1/4 inch long. Bug bugs (Cimex lectularius) feed solely on the blood of people and animals and can live several months without a blood meal. Primarily nocturnal by nature, they usually will feed during the night with their peak feeding usually taking place just before dawn.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) all consider bed bugs a public health pest. However, unlike most public health pests, bed bugs are not known to transmit or spread disease.
They can, however, cause other public health issues, so it’s important to pay close attention to preventing and controlling bed bugs.
Experts believe the recent increase in bed bugs in the United States may be due to more travel, lack of knowledge about preventing infestations, increased resistance of bed bugs to pesticides, and ineffective pest control practices.
Heat treatments have proven to be the most effective and quickest method of eliminating bed bugs. All life stages, adults, nymphs and eggs, die within minutes at temperatures ranging from 120-140 degrees.
A heat treatment typically takes between six and eight hours, depending on the condition of the area being treated. During the heat treatment pets and any heat sensitive items that may melt or be damaged should be removed from the area being treated.